The province of Bari is located in the central part of Apulia, in the area which was previously called Terra di Bari (land of Bari) and which also included the towns of Fasano and Cisternino, now in the province of Brindisi. The area is dominated by Murgia, system of reliefs that even exceed 600 meters.
The Murgia, in the inner part, contains in Gravina in Puglia the National Park of Alta Murgia , one of the recently established national parks. Only Bari hinterland and the coastal strip are flat.
The province in the urban field is divided in two zones: the north and the south of Bari. The north of Bari presents generally centers with large populations (more than Bari that exceeds 320,000 inhabitants) as Altamura, Bitonto Corato, Gravina in Puglia, Molfetta. The south-Bari on the contrary is characterized by the absence of these large centers: the only municipality to be around 50,000 inhabitants is Monopoly.
In the southern part of the province, on the border with that of Taranto, is situated the Itria’s valley and the area of Terra dei Trulli between the towns of Alberobello, Locorotondo, Cisternino and Martina Franca, famous for its conical constructions of trulli.
In the province the rivers are in short supply and lakes are absent altogether. The water, however, is present in the subsurface due to the nature extremely karst of the ground. Thus forming underground rivers (whereof the whole of Puglia is rich) that dig the rock and create the caves, including those most important and fascinating of Castellana Grotte and those of Putignano.
The cultivable territory is exploited with the cultivation of olive and grape as well as cherries, peaches, almonds and early figs. From that agricultural activity is derived olive oil, wine and table grapes. Among all the cities producing olive oil stands out Bitonto, which produces extra virgin olive oil among the best in Italy, Corato known for its quality of olive oil called Coratina and Giovinazzo. The centers for the greater wine production are Gravina and Ruvo di Puglia, in the north of Bari, and Adelfia Noicattaro, Rutigliano and Locorotondo, in the south of Bari. Furthermore stands the cultivation of early figs with Giovinazzo the largest exporter in Italy.
Also important is the production of cherries. The production of Apulian gold red is especially widespread in the countryside of Turi and Putignano.